Kakagon Sloughs, Lake Superior: Impacts of Water Level Fluctuations on Wetland Vegetation
- Jim Meeker;
- Development of regulation plan performance indicators describing water-level regime impacts on wild rice distribution in the Kakagon Sloughs of Lake Superior in Wisconsin. The performance indicator metric is the surface area of wild rice in the Kakagon Sloughs, and was based in part on observations of percent cover of wild-rice in the Kakagon Sloughs relative to other taxa over four years of extreme water level change in Lake Superior from 1986 to 1989. The stewards of the productive Kakagon Slough wetland complex are the Bad River Band of Lake Superior Chippewa, who for centuries have harvested wild-rice from these waters. The data reported are, in part, a response to Bad River's concern for the long-term health of this wetland, as well as the recognized gap in information on the ecology of northern wild-rice in a riverine habitat.
- Additional Data and Information
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- Supporting Content
- Main Topics
- - Lake Superior Regulation
- Questions We Asked
- - What constitutes improved plan performance?
- - Does the plan reduce environmental impacts?
- Key Findings
- - Plan 2012 will be more robust and provide important benefits compared to Plan 77A
- - Plan 2012 performs similar to Plan 77A under 20th century NBS